Creating a Git Commit
git-commit command takes accepts message (using the
-m switch) where you describe what the changes are contained in the commit.
$ git commit -m "adding new file" [master (root-commit) 0542a0f] adding first file 1 file changed, 133 insertions(+) create mode 100755 1-basics.rb
The output showed that there was 1 file change and 133 insertion (additions to the file).
Now if we check the status again, we’ll see this:
$ git status On branch master Untracked files: (use "git add <file>..." to include in what will be committed) .gitignore 2-expressions_and_operators.rb 3-objects_and_classes.rb 4-inheritance.rb 5-modules_and_mixins.rb README.md nothing added to commit but untracked files present (use "git add" to track)
Let’s add the remaining files but this time in bulk using
git-add and the dot syntax to include everything in the current working directory.
$ git add .
Checking the status again will show all of the previously untracked files ready for a commit:
$ git status On branch master Changes to be committed: (use "git reset HEAD <file>..." to unstage) new file: .gitignore new file: 2-expressions_and_operators.rb new file: 3-objects_and_classes.rb new file: 4-inheritance.rb new file: 5-modules_and_mixins.rb new file: README.md
And now we can commit those staged files.
$ git commit -m "adding remaining files to repository." [master 10183ab] adding remaining files to repository 6 files changed, 251 insertions(+) create mode 100755 .gitignore create mode 100755 2-expressions_and_operators.rb create mode 100755 3-objects_and_classes.rb create mode 100755 4-inheritance.rb create mode 100755 5-modules_and_mixins.rb create mode 100755 README.md
git-status again shows that there are no more untracked files and our working directory is clean.
$ git status On branch master nothing to commit, working directory clean
That’s the basics of working with files in Git. If we didn’t have a set of files already, we could have also initialized an empty repository (also using
git-init) and then added files in as we created them.